Clinton, in Beijing, seeks Chinese accord on resolving South China Sea disputes

Posted on September 4, 2012

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U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, left, and Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi, right, shake hands during her visit to Beijing, Sept. 4, 2012.

BEIJING — U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton is in Beijing to press Chinese authorities to agree to peacefully resolve disputes with their smaller neighbors over competing territorial claims in the South China Sea. But as she began her meetings here, China questioned the stated neutrality of the United States.

Clinton met late Tuesday with Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi after arriving in China from Indonesia, where she urged Southeast Asian nations to present a unified front in dealing with China in attempts to ease rising tensions in the South China Sea. Clinton will meet on Wednesday with other top Chinese officials, including President Hu Jintao and State Councillor Dai Bingguo.

The U.S. wants China and the other claimants to adopt a binding code of conduct for the region, along with a process to resolve maritime disputes without coercion, intimidation or the use of force. Clinton wants the Chinese to drop their insistence on settling conflicting claims with individual nations and instead embrace a multilateral mechanism that will give the smaller members of the Association of South East Asian Nations greater clout in negotiations.

She urged all parties to make “meaningful progress” by a November summit of East Asian leaders that President Barack Obama plans to attend in Cambodia..

In Indonesia’s capital before heading to China, Clinton offered strong U.S. support for a regionally endorsed plan to ease rising tensions by implementing the code of conduct. Jakarta is the headquarters of ASEAN, and Clinton pressed the group to insist that China agree to deal with them as a bloc.

The stance puts the U.S. squarely at odds with China, which has become more aggressive in pressing its territorial claims with its smaller neighbors and wants the disputes to be resolved with each country, giving it greater leverage.

Clinton made her case in Jakarta on Tuesday in meetings with Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and ASEAN secretary general Surin Pitsuwan, a day after she delivered the same message to Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa. Indonesia has played a leading role in putting the six-point plan together after ASEAN was unable to reach consensus on the matter in July.

Clinton said the U.S. is “encouraged” by the plan but wants it acted on — particularly implementation and enforcement of the code of conduct, which has languished since a preliminary framework for it was first agreed upon in 2002. .

“The United States has a national interest, as every country does, in the maintenance of peace and stability, respect for international law, freedom of navigation, unimpeded lawful commerce in the South China Sea,” Clinton told reporters at a news conference with Natalegawa.

“The United States does not take a position on competing territorial claims … but we believe the nations of the region should work collaboratively to resolve disputes without coercion, without intimidation and certainly without the use of force,” she said. “That is why we encourage ASEAN and China to make meaningful progress toward finalizing a comprehensive code of conduct in order to establish rules of the road and clear procedures for peacefully addressing disagreements.”

Yet China on Tuesday expressed skepticism that the U.S. is neutral in the disputes.

“The U.S. has many times said it does not take a position,” Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei said on Tuesday. “I hope they will keep their promise and do more to help stability and not the opposite. The South China Sea dispute is a complicated thing. To China, the South China Sea dispute is about the sovereignty of some of the islands there. China, like other countries in the world, has the obligation to safeguard its territories.”

China and a host of Southeast Asian countries, including the Philippines, Vietnam and Brunei, have overlapping claims to several small, but potentially energy-rich areas of the South China Sea.

In July, China angered the United States, as well as Vietnam and the Philippines, by creating a city and military garrison on a remote island 220 miles from its southernmost province intended to administer hundreds of thousands of square miles of water where China wants to strengthen its control over disputed islands. China, which also has disputes with Japan in the East China Sea, rejected the criticism.

In addition to the South China Sea, Clinton will be discussing the situation in Syria as well as the efforts to deal with Iran and North Korea’s nuclear programs while she is in the Chinese capital.

Clinton is in China at the midpoint of an 11-day, six-nation tour of the Asia-Pacific region that started in the Cook Islands and Indonesia. After she leaves China, she will visit East Timor and Brunei before heading to Russia’s Far East to represent the United States at the annual meeting of leaders from the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Vladivostock.

Washington Post

In China, Clinton Faces Rising Skepticism

BEIJING—U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton faces a Chinese government and public increasingly skeptical of heightened U.S. strategic engagement in the Asian-Pacific region when she meets with Chinese leaders here.

Mrs. Clinton was welcomed by Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi after she arrived in Beijing from Indonesia on Tuesday evening, the latest leg of a closely watched Asia-Pacific tour. The trip has once again underlined the Obama administration’s desire to refocus its foreign policy on Asia, a region critical to global economic growth yet fraught with territorial disputes, military build-ups and heightened nationalism.

“We are committed to building a cooperative partnership with China; it is a key aspect of our rebalancing in the Asia-Pacific,” Mrs. Clinton told Mr. Yang, according to a State Department statement.

Mrs. Clinton is also expected to meet with Chinese President Hu Jintao and Vice President Xi Jinping during her visit. Mr. Xi is expected to succeed Mr. Hu as Communist Party chief during a once-a-decade leadership transition beginning later this year.

Among her most difficult tasks, Mrs. Clinton will likely press Chinese leaders over deepening territorial disputes with neighbors over portions of the South China and East China seas. Washington has repeatedly said it doesn’t take sides in territorial disputes but maintains an interest in protecting freedom of navigation in the region.

The visit isn’t expected to spur diplomatic breakthroughs. Rather, it is viewed by diplomats and analysts as paving the way for a regional summit in November, where the U.S. and some territorial claimants will likely push to discuss territorial disputes in a multilateral setting. Beijing has resisted similar efforts in the past, and prefers handling disputes on a bilateral basis.

A barrage of commentaries in state media in recent days underscored mistrust of Mrs. Clinton’s strategy. Many in China fear the U.S. is attempting to contain China’s rapid economic and political ascent.

The trip is possibly Mrs. Clinton’s last to Beijing as secretary of state. She is expected to step down from the position following November’s presidential election.

“We hope Clinton can reflect upon the deep harm she is bringing to the Sino-U.S. relationship in the last few months before she leaves office and try to make up for it,” read an editorial in the Global Times, a popular tabloid affiliated with the Communist Party’s flagship People’s Daily.

The Chinese Foreign Ministry last month in a strongly worded statement questioned U.S. intentions in the region. A spokesman for the ministry sounded a cautious note ahead of Mrs. Clinton’s visit during a daily press briefing on Tuesday.

“We hope the U.S. side can keep relevant promises and do more to boost regional peace and stability and not the opposite,” said Hong Lei, the ministry spokesman.

During her visit, analysts say, Mrs. Clinton will be looking to balance pressing for China’s cooperation on regional hot-button issues with a need for China’s broader cooperation on wider diplomatic concerns over Syria and Iran.

But Chinese analysts say there is concern among Chinese officials and the public that the U.S. is being disingenuous when it say its refocus on Asia isn’t designed to contain China’s influence, even as its strategy appears to increasingly be driving a wedge between China and some of its neighbors, including Vietnam and the Philippines.

“Sometimes it’s not a matter of being soft or tough,” said Wu Xinbo, who researches U.S.-China relations at Fudan University in Shanghai. “It’s a matter of trust and credibility.”

Brian Spegele

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Posted in: Economy, Politics